Spatial information refers to the activity of locating and collecting data about places and events that take place on the surface of Earth.
It is necessary to gather data from various sources so as to be able to develop information that will be of significance in areas like cartography, remote sensing, web mapping, photogrammetry, and, finally yet importantly, spatial data organization. Location is not nearly as important as the manner in which the location relates to a specific position on the surface of Earth. Spatial data makes it possible to gain new insights, observe patterns, and analyze relationships. Many types of data are available. Examples include but are not limited to client locations, shopping centers, streets, flood zones, and demographics. It is needless to say that it is essential to comprehend the spatial relationship o two or more variables that inhabit the same space.
When it comes down to real-world problems, GIS comes in handy. GIS is an acronym and it stands for geographic information system. It is used to create, stock, analyze, and process information that is distributed spatially through a computerized process. A great number of decisions are powered by this technology. It can be used to make measurements and carry out calculations that are generally difficult. In this technology-rich world, GIS plays an important part in developing projects for agriculture, astronomy, architecture, banking, business, climate change, and so on and so forth. The planet is rich as far as data is concerned. At present, the GIS community has the opportunity to introduce innovative technology to gain insights into the available data.
Entering a new era of GIS
Geographic information systems have evolved considerably over the years. Programmers, as well as researchers, have conquered the boundaries of geospatial data collection. Their results are visible in tools for gathering, visualizing, and evaluating special information. Attention needs to be paid to the fact that GIS is forever evolving alongside computers and growing data storage capability. Professionals say that the world is entering a new era of GIS. There are more opportunities than ever before to validate information, take a 3D view of the planet, and incorporate it in real time. It may very well be a new era in spatial data collection. The GIS tools of today are user-friendly, web-enabled, and free, in most cases. They are of paramount importance in all sectors and domains of activity.
Efficient data collection with mobile robots
There is a new tool when it comes down to data collection instruments. It is the spatially intelligent robot. Over the last couple of years, the field of robotics has increased in growth, technology allowing for a wide range of machines. Robotic platforms can be used in order to collect data samples under the supervision of a human being. The bot is actively deployed to collect spatial data to map floor plans, as well as wider areas. Owing to the fact that robots and objects operate in a 3-dimensional space, it is necessary for the bot to find the right path in the environment that is full of obstacles. This is where the supervisors come onto the scene. The robot does not have to figure out what the best way to execute the task is, as it is guided through the building.
The design of the robotic platform depends on the environment in which the robot is required to operate. The vast majority of robots are robot arms with a fixed base. The flexible robot arm enables the machine to control dynamic object manipulation. Regardless of the application that is concerned, the robot is able to reach its goal from start to finish. As long as it possesses knowledge about the spatial environment, it is capable of gathering structured information in a systematic manner. Actually, mobile robots have proven to be much more reliable when it comes to creating spatial data. They use geographic information systems to make decisions and to navigate around obstacles. It therefore does not come as a surprise that robots are used to perform mapping tasks.
Nowadays, architects and other professionals are able to utilize spatially intelligent robots so as to collect interior space data. The information that these experts can get their hands on is very precise and can be integrated into any existing system. The robot offers a clear and accurate view of any kind of place, having the ability to measure pertinent space in half the time required by traditional collection methods. Robotic mapping has significantly contributed to the field of localization and mapping. Robotic platforms are becoming more and more independent, meaning that human intervention is minimum. The world is witnessing the expansion of autonomous robots that can learn and incorporate background knowledge in a small amount of time. Experts are constantly searching for new and innovative ways to gather spatial data and make better decisions. It seems that robotics is what they have been waiting for.
Improving geographic information is a real challenge
Enhancing geographic information has become a real challenge. A potential user of GIS needs to take into account the possibility of integrating robotics into geospatial technology interventions. When the two technologies are combined, the user has a powerful set of tools at their disposal. A potential user is required to gain a full understanding of the concept and recognize the value of the potential application. When this is achieved, the potential user can proceed to seeking out hardware and software to meet the challenge. The results will reveal a promising outlook toward the application of mobile robots guided by GIS technology. When you think about what is going to happen in future time, the use of robots in spatial data collection does not seem absurd. Spatial data and analysis is a rapidly growing field. Data is taken in order to define the objects in space, which of them have physical locations, and their relevancy. Thanks to the development of technology, it is not impossible to get accurate visual data. On the contrary, the space world has never benefited from such great tools.