Most people immediately conjure up images of solar panels on roofs or in a desert solar farm when they hear the term “solar electricity.” And with good reason: Up until now, rooftop and traditional utility-scale solar panels have dominated the solar market.
But there are currently several innovative new solar panel technologies that are either presently available or in development. The way we view energy production in general—not just solar—will be completely altered by these innovative technologies. Solar power no longer needs to be boring-looking or take up a lot of roof space or land.
- Floating Photovoltaic Solar Panels
Lakes and reservoirs provide some of the largest surface areas that exhibit the greatest potential to produce solar energy. The significant benefit obtained from floating PV solar panels is that an enormous amount of electricity can be generated without using valuable land or real estate. It saves the land for establishing residential sectors for the public. When installed, the PV panels are equipped with air-cooling systems to avoid overheating and burning of the panels. Ten percent improvement in the electrical output is being shown by water when using the floating PV solar panels. This resulted from the water beneath the panels’ cooling action. A floating system’s panels can be maintained for less money. This is so that the panels can stay clean thanks to the water. Additionally, the lake or reservoir’s water management unintentionally becomes more affordable.
- Thin-Film Solar Cells
Stacking the solar panels in multiple layers leads to an improvement in the efficiency of the solar cells. In contrast to 18%, 46% of solar energy is captured when stacked thin-film solar cells are being used. The increase in expenses and the cost of such solar panels make them unsuitable for commercialization. The latest advancements being made in solar technology serve the purpose and increase solar adoption. When compared, a solar cell is found to be appreciably lighter and thinner than a conventional photovoltaic panel. The major factor that leads to the increase in the adoption of solar cells is their flexibility. In addition, the application of solar cells to circular or domed constructions also increases its popularity. Other applications include tents, window blinds, and awnings over doorways. It is perfect for covering vast areas because it is light.
- Building Integrated Photovoltaic
The integration of PV panels in different buildings gives rise to building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV). These panels are integrated into different building structures that comprise homes, buildings, canopies, etc. Money is the major factor that leads to the adoption of different solar panels. Due to the application of BIPV, a considerable reduction in expenses of building supplies and electricity prices is observed. By replacing conventional building materials, a significant reduction in the installation and application of solar panels is witnessed through BIPV.
- Solar Fabric
Solar radiation is present on the entire planet. So, it would be feasible if the option of generating solar energy through clothing can be availed. The availability of the option of generating solar energy not only at a specific site but also while moving is the new trend. It can be done using your clothing. Solar fabrics are being designed to incorporate solar power into each strand.
- Solar Lighting
The application of solar-powered LED lights has transformed streetways and walkways. Working off-grid is a benefit of LED solar lights. Using LED solar lighting, a significant reduction in finances will be observed for 25 years. The installation of trenches and cables is also not required frequently.
Solar energy can readily produce substantial amounts of cheap, environmentally friendly electricity. Solar photovoltaic cells have become progressively more adaptable thanks to innovative technologies and ongoing development. New solar energy innovations are highlighting how adaptable this potent energy source is. Overall, different solar panels can be used for different applications and different areas.